Category Archives: Politics

Book: Douglas Murray’s The Strange Death of Europe (Review)

Early 2017 ‘The Strange Death of Europe’ was published by British author Douglas Murray. The book’s subtitle “Immigration, Identity, Islam” gives the reader an indication along which lines the author thinks this ‘strange death’ will take place. Europe’s death is literally compared to suicide, not necessarily by the will of its citizens but by the leaders having definitely chosen to go down the path of suicide.


Murray gives a chilling recount of developments in Europe after the second World War concerning the immigration process. Although often described from the perspective of his homeland, the United Kingdom, I had little trouble applying very similar developments to the situation in the Netherlands and that probably will be the case for readers from most West European countries.

It is the story of the 1950s that saw the homecoming of repatriates from the former colonies, followed in the 1960s by the immigration of so called ‘guest workers’ because the exploding economy in Western Europe was in dire need for a cheap, unclassified workforce. The 1970s saw the start of the open door policies where the immigrants were allowed to reunite with their families in the Western European countries instead of returning to their countries of origin.

The immigration situation continued in the following decades while the governments developed new policies to justify this immigration stream, ranging from the ideals of a multicultural society where all citizens would profit from the merits of the best of different cultures, to economic arguments. Immigrants were needed to maintain economic prosperity because the population was declining because the indigenous people produced too few children to keep the social welfare state intact. Yet the population of the European countries were exposed to the less favourable aspects that came with immigration like a rise in crime figures, a population that is largely depending on reaping the benefits of the welfare state. Especially in the larger cities there has been an explosion of ghettos that urged the indigenous people to search for alternative and better places to live.

In the second decade of the 21st century it became obvious that immigration became an uncontrollable process judged by an ever increasing numbers of migrants arriving: small boats from Africa flooded the coasts of the Italian island Lampadusa with immigrants from Sub-Saharan countries. In Greece landed extremely large numbers of migration fleeing from war situations in Middle East countries like Syria and Iraq.

One of the most remarkable events from recent years was the 2015 statement of the German chancellor “Wir schaffen das”. As Germany is also the most prominent and influential EU member, her statement signalled the start of an enormous movement and influx of migrants, almost always in search for countries with the best social conditions and benefits. This meant that the migrants went from state to state before reaching their final, most sought after destinations (countries like Germany, UK, Netherlands, Sweden).


Murray shows in an unmerciful way with an abundant amount of examples that the European governments over the past 60 years have categorically denied, lied about or at least fully underestimated the effects of immigration. They manipulated their citizens about the extent of immigration and even went so far to blatantly suppress people who dared to challenge the benefits of the large influx of migrants. Murray poses questions to which no European politician ever had a answer: “when will we have enough immigrants to fulfil political (multicultural) or economical goals (additions to the workforce)?” and “why should particularly Europe carry this burden (and not for example the countries from the Arabian peninsula)?”.

After these historical and more recent developments Murray in Chapter 13 shifts his focus to find explanations for this behaviour from the European states. He comes up with a number of aspects that are foremost psychological. There is a diminishing self belief among Europeans. They have become obsessed with economic short time goals, instant gratification based on consumerism without any higher ideals. They feel the guilt of past historic events and are too tired, too weak, too disorganised to defend their social, scientific and cultural achievements. This attitude is noticeable in their efforts in the fields of art, literature and music.

Due to the immigration the indigenous people (especially the weaker social classes like elderly and the ones with lower income) feel more and more challenged and outsmarted by immigrant culture with strong family and tribal connections. The middle class finds themselves confronted with an ever increasing work load to finance the welfare state. On top of that they find themselves in a position where they only have access to loose social structures. They do not have time, ambition or resources to reproduce themselves. And in the circumstances where they do organise themselves, they are confronted strong opposition from the political and social establishment which is quick to label them with references to a darker side of Europe’s recent history.

In my opinion Murray is missing an important aspect of how and why the migration could take on to such unexpected dimensions in Europe. Migration has become a very large economical factor with more and more people depending on an income. It is like an industry where the migrant is the commodity being mangled through a chain of people and organisations, ranging from the smugglers in Africa and Turkey, the NGO’s that pick up and transport the migrants, the lawyers that defend the migrants through their procedures, the governmental organisations that accompany the migrants arranging home, study, income. And finally in the chain are the political parties that can be assured of an increasing voters base.


The third pillar of Murray’s argumentation for Europe’s suicide is based on the fact that many of the immigrants have one thing in common: they worship the Islamic faith. Islamic faith is the very opposite of modern West Europe and this leads to ever increasing social tension as the number of muslims keeps on rising.

Migrants (islamic or otherwise) never received a clear signal from the European governmental hosts what they expected from them in their new situation. And even if there was signalling there was little control and no consequences for not obeying the rules of their host.

The subordinate position of women, the aversion against homosexuality, the possibility of apostasy are some examples of Islamic belief that are profoundly conflicting with the highly secular way of life within West European countries. The line from practicing a peaceful religion to violent exposure often seems to be rather thin and blurred because of the teachings  in massadras and mosques.


In the final two chapters Murray sums up a positive scenario where Europe can turn the tide but even through these possible positive events the reader gets the impression that Murray does not really believe that they will be happening. The darker scenario seems more likely that ultimately will lead to a sharp confrontation among the citizens and between citizens and their politicians.

Murray’s Strange Death is worth reading because it is the ultimate synopsis of the immigration process that has happened over the past decades in Europe and the questionable role that Europe’s leaders played in dealing with this new situation.

End of the nation state?

Somebody asked me why I think the model of a nation state is becoming untenable. Because a twitter message is way too short to answer such a question I dedicated this post to explain it.

The nation state is a typical 19th century invention. On the base of a strong cultural (customs, language, religion) and political shared background among its inhabitants the nation state became the leading model for the polity. This meant that the nation state was the level of unit that could cause wars (with other states), could make trade agreements with other states, could initially build the foundations for a welfare system.

The nation state continued to be the main model for polity during the first half of the twentieth century. After World War II the nation state reached its highest peak in a lot of countries, mainly due to a superb organization of a  welfare system (at least in most first and second world states). But around the same time the first tendencies became visible of the untenabilaty of the nation state.

The reasons for that were three fold. From a political standpoint it became clear that internal developments within a nation state could lead to a terrible consequences causing destructive international situations (nazi Germany, fascist Italy). Therefor there was political pressure for nation states to join larger supra-national organizations, both political and military, in order to control and prevent such developments. A second development was economical. Companies globalized: they were seeking for places in the world that had the most advantageous fiscal regime. They searched for places were they could find the cheapest labor, hence the outsourcing and off shoring of (initially) blue collar work to many parts of the third world. Finally there was the lowering of the cost of travel and a more liberal view towards the allowance of mass migration into the nation states (at least in the first and second world countries).

These developments led to situations were the model of a nation state would become outdated:

  • there is less and less (cultural) indentification with the nation state, people travel and work more and more across the borders of nation states;
  • there are less and less people within the nation state that identify themselves culturally with that nation state due to mass migration;
  • this mass migration leads to big potential threads to the welfare system, because the funding of the welfare system is being disrupted;
  • outsourcing leads to a  disruption of money flows to which the nation state (or its economic experts for that matter) hardly have another answer to, other than putting increasingly heavier taxes on its inhabitants leading to a gradual erosion of the wealth of the nation state.

Europe is now becoming at a fast pace the first place in the world where it will boil down to the question whether it will possible to leave the nation state model and obtain a supranational model. But this question will become prone to other nation states in the forth coming decades.