Tag Archives: bitcoin

Bitcoin price in 2019-2020

Early 2018 I made an accurate prediction what the value of Bitcoin in $ would be by the end of that year. At least this prediction was much closer to that of some of the best known names in the industry, like Fundstrat’s Tommy Lee and  the person I responded too in this tweet (Ran NeuNer).

Even in recent days the most crazy predictions about the future bitcoin prices are circulating. I think the most outrageous one was made by John McAfee.

I followed in 2018 closely how the Bitcoin price was influenced by economic circumstances. I expected for example the crisis with the Turkish lyra to have a positive effect by inflow of money from Turkey. I did not see such correlation. The 2018 price saw one constant: it went lower and lower with in between some higher lows.In November 2018 the price saw an extreme, accelerated  dive to a level around $3.000 coming from a rather constant period where it remained around $6.000. It is difficult to determine what makes the price ‘tick’, it mainly seems to be influenced by matters of mass psychology and speculation. The down fall in November 2018 could be explained by the Bitcoin Cash fork and its influence on Bitmain, a large supplier of Bitcoin mining equipment and one of the initiators behind Bitcoin Cash. So the area of price discovery not has ended yet and it is easy to forget the world has never seen a phenomenon like Bitcoin and its relatively recent entering on the financial world stage.

From November 2019 on the price stabilised and February 2019 saw some price increments to a current level of around $3.950. I consider the fundamentals of Bitcoin still strong. The ignorance of people about its potential is still staggering. Repeatedly the same arguments why it should considered worthless crop up and it will take time to prove they are using false arguments.

It is difficult to predict if we will see in 2019 other influences than pyschology and speculation driving the price level. Most and for all there will be the memory of the price fall from $20.000 to $3.000 and the horrible stories in the media of people’s investments being wiped out. That effect will take time to come to terms with before we will see any major influx in the Bitcoin ecosystem again. But eventually people will forget the 2017-2018 price developments. But will there be other factors that come into play positively influencing its price?

There are no similar products to make any kind of comparison as to predict the prices. It is not comparable to  stock, where a company’s -future- profits might drive the price. It is even hard to compare to precious metals due to its different nature of portability, mining and distribution. Evangelisation and education will be in coming years the main incentive for a positive image of Bitcoin and therefor the price development. In its narrative the negativity about the 2018 experiences should be seen in a bigger picture: the current price level would be considered spectacular even as recent as one and half year ago (mid 2017). The core arguments for evangelisation remain merely the same as in the past: non-tampering, non-inflatable, non-governmental and trustful storage.

2017 was the year that Bitcoin was catapulted in a world that before was ignorant about the phenomenon of cryptocurrencies and Bitcoin in particular. Besides attracting a new group of investors in general it also attracted professional traders. These are people that make their living with day trading and speculating on short term price developments (like shorting) instead of following a long term path for positive price developments (‘hodling’). With the introduction of new financial products into the Bitcoin ecosystem (like futures and ETF’s) these developments will make it more difficult than in 2017 to see extravagant price explosions: profits will be take sooner or speculated against.

Innovations like Lightning Network (LN) might contribute to some positive signal in price development, but there should be reason for caution: technological innovations in the past an sich have never been a clear driver for price developments. In the case of LN it might be slightly different due to the fact that it is a recognisable utility of Bitcoin.

My conclusion is therefor that the Bitcoin price in December 2019 will see a small improvement over today’s levels: $5.000. Mid 2020 a new halving of block rewards will kick in. Historically that has been a driver for a higher Bitcoin price. So then we might finally see a new, though limited bull run and a new treshold minimum level of Bitcoin’s price (app. $ 6.000). In December 2020 I expect to see a maximum price level of $18.000.

Nootdorp, The Netherlands, February 23th, 2019

Crypto currency and market capitalisation

Over the past months I became interested in the possibilities that crypto currencies have to offer. At first I became interested in the idea that crypto currency could play an important role in (international) money transfers, replacing traditional currency like dollar, euro and pound and replace traditional bank-to-bank transferring methods. At the same time I realised that  there still are causes that will prevent crypto currencies to become intensively used in money transferring.

The crypto currency market, especially the one for Bitcoin has known many up and down swings over the years since its introduction in 2009. Although there were some near-meltdowns along its path over the years, 2017 proved to be a kind of ‘break through’ year where the price half way 2017 soared from $ 1.000  to $ 3.000. The potential prospect of soon to be realised gains for simply holding on to ones crypto currencies will create an effect where the owners of their crypto currencies rather not want to use them in transferring scenarios. Yet if the owner of a crypto currency would want to use his digital cash for transferring purposes he or she will be faced with many complications. There are still relatively few people (ask the ones around you)  owning an ewallet which would allow them to receive or send digital cash. There is no way that different types of crypto currencies are interchangeable. And last but not least there are few (web) shops that accept crypto currencies for paying goods or services.

When diving in the technology behind the crypto currency you will find the block chain technology that can be considered as a transparant, autonomous and highly secure way of storing  data. The comparison to a world wide operating virtual ledger or spreadsheet is often made. The blockchain technology is what drives and enables crypto currency but blockchain technology can actually be applied for many other purposes.

We are witnessing a revolutionary way in which administrative (economical) processes will be changing over the coming years and decades. The concept can even be applied to concepts beyond administrative processes (for example to identity management and asset registration). Without going into detail too deep in the underlying technology we will witness the emerge of an autonomous, transparant, de-centralized infrastructure that offer possibilities in which we currently are using banks, clearing institutes, accountancy and administrative firms to perform most of these activities. With blockchain technology all these activities come under one roof, but without the boundaries and middle men that are usually associated with those activities.

If you look at the developments from this perspective than investing in Bitcoin, Ethereum or one the hundreds of alternative altcoins becomes like investing in a company -like investing in stock-, although lacking the traditional centralized management that we usually associate with the ‘traditional’ companies. It then becomes obvious that the market capitalization of (for example) Ethereum does signal something about its economic relevance and may be compared to those traditional companies. That is why 2017 also saw the break through of ICO’s (Initial Coin Offerings) which somewhat can be compared to the virtual launch of an IPO (Initial Public Offering), the most usual way for a company that is going public by issuing stock and entering the stock market.

Let’s take for example a ‘traditional’ company, Apple, which had in June a market capitalisation of app. $ 675 billion, making it the company with the largest market capitalisation in the world. Ethereum had at the same time a market capitalisation of approximality $ 30 billion. So Apple as a 40 year old company producing computer related products and services is at the moment 20x the size of Ethereum, a highly advanced initiative that takes the Bitcoin blockchain technology to the next level with its abilities of incorporating development tools in its own block chain technology.

From such a perspective  it is justified to believe that Ethereum one day will become bigger than Apple, measured by its market capitalisation because its added economical value will become at least as significant as Apple’s (and probably much more important). It may be tempting to make calculations about what the pricing of one Ether (Ethereum’s crypto currency) could be like in such a scenario, but one can assume that the current price of ca. $300 is just a fragment of its pricing potential. Others have been less witholding about their predictions about what the the pricing for crypto currencies could become like.

All in all investing in crypto currencies is at the moment more like earning a stake in a promising new technology enabled by an initiative that could be typed as a ‘virtual’ company. The traditional lines between stock and currency are blurring as you might one day use that stake (your Ethers, Bitcoins or other altcoins) for actually using it as digital cash. And that would be something that would be impossible to do with regular stock from the ‘traditional’ companies.

On the other hand take in consideration that this whole blockchain industry is still in its very early stages. The pricing of the crypto currencies are extremely volatile, because nobody really knows where things are heading. There is always the probability that reading this article in three years time the content seems to be out of date because the playing field has completely changed.

If you want to have a good introduction to crypto currencies and blockchain technology I advise you to read and see the following links:

6 interesting introduction videos:

Watch all six episodes of the series Trust Disrupted: Bitcoin and the Blockchain

Vilarik Buterin (the inventor of Ethereum) explaining Ethereum: